Going back in time, let us first unearth how the zodiac signs originated in the first place. I know what you’re thinking- that these were conceptualized by the Greeks. Sorry, you are wrong, or maybe only partially right. That’s because it was the Babylonians who first documented the use of zodiac symbols, converging the now far-distant fields of Astrology and Astronomy. The first-ever historically-documented evidence of the 12 constellations as zodiac symbols can be seen in ancient Babylonian texts. Of course these were less scientific in nature, and encompass more of religion, but the use of zodiac to determine fates and fortunes was known to be a common practice in Ancient Babylon.
Zodiacs in the Hellenistic Era
And as I mentioned earlier, you were not completely incorrect in attributing the Greeks to the Zodiac Scientology because they did adapt the concept from the Babylonians and carried out several improvisations. In fact, Hellenistic Science has been considered to be the peak of any civilization, and so is the case with Greek Adaptation of the Zodiac Studies, explaining the mysterious splendor of the stars and how they affect our lives in the larger sense.
The Lunar Calendar
So far we’ve discussed the Occidental point of views and study of zodiac sciences in the West. But let’s not leave the East behind in this discussion, especially when it is a widely known fact that there is a wealth of information that has been unearthed from Oriental Zodiac Studies. To name a few civilizations that have aced it, names like India, China and Japan primarily come to mind. While each of these civilizations has its own set of theories, rules and study patterns, the one common aspect that binds them together is the use of Lunar Calendar. In Indian Astrology for instance, the Lunar Sky is split into 27 divisions, and each division is accredited with the name of a ‘Nakshatra’, the technical or translated term for which, is a Lunar Mansion. On the other hand, the Chinese make use of various signs, seasons, directions etc, interspersing with the fixed elements of wood, earth, water, metal and fire to yield different variants and outcomes of zodiac studies.
Nakshatras in India
Probably no other present-day nation lays as much emphasis on astrology as much as India does. Instead of the Western Zodiac Signs, there is a lot of focus given on Indian constellations or Nakshatras, in order to prepare the horoscope or birth-chart of a new-born child, based upon the exact date, time and precise longitudinal and latitudinal point where he or she is born.